The Porous Materials Group conducts research on the manufacture and characterisation of particulate and porous materials. Our current focus is to develop the patented Lost Carbonate Sintering (LCS) process for manufacturing porous metals, to study the mechanical, thermal, electrochemical and acoustic properties of porous metals and metal matrix syntactic foams, and to explore their feasibility for applications in energy, automotive, defence, aerospace and building industries.
The LCS technology has been licensed to Versarien plc, a high-tech start-up company founded in 2010 and floated on the London Stock Exchange in June 2013, to commercialise the LCS process for micro-porous copper in thermal management applications. LCS porous copper products can be purchased from Goodfellow.
Articles about Our Research
Cooling Down, FOCUS, Issue 15, April 2010.
University of Liverpool Business Gateway News
The Key, 2008
Research Intelligence, Issue 28, May 2006.
University of Liverpool Leaflet
Professor Yuyuan Zhao was awarded the Ivor Jenkins Medal by the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining for his outstanding contribution to powder metallurgy in developing and commercialising innovative powder based technologies for manufacturing metal foams
following project is a Finalist of
metals for thermal management
Prof. Zhao receiving Ivor Jenkins Medal from President of IoMMM, 14 July 2015
Electrochemical properties of LCS porous metals
Pengcheng Zhu and Yuyuan Zhao
Wick structure manufactured by selective laser melting
Zhining Wu, Chris Sutcliffe and Yuyuan Zhao
Mechanical properties of metal matrix syntactic foam
Yue Zhang, Rob Birch and Yuyuan Zhao
Fluid flow in porous metals
Xianke Lu, David Dennis and Yuyuan Zhao
Dynamic behaviour of metal matrix syntactic foams
Chen Liang and Yuyuan Zhao
Creating real value from aluminium smelter waste
Bhavik Mehta and Yuyuan Zhao
Porous metals for electrode applications
Zejun Wang and Yuyuan Zhao
Non-Newtonian flow in porous media
Victor Ibezim, David Dennis, Rob Poole and Yuyuan Zhao
Multifunctional applications of porous metals
Liping Zhang and Yuyuan Zhao
Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials and method of production thereof’, EP1755809 B1, filed: 2005, granted: 2008.
Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials and method of production thereof’, US8968641 B2, filed: 2005, granted: 2015.
Selected Recent Publications (Full publication list here)
P. Zhu, Z. Wu and Y. Zhao, ‘Hierarchical porous Cu with high surface area and fluid permeability’, Scripta Materialia, 172(2019) 119–124.
J. Yi, Y. Jia, Y. Zhao, Z. Xiao, K. He, Q. Wang, M. Wang and Z. Li, ‘Precipitation behavior of Cu-3.0Ni-0.72Si alloy’, Acta Materialia, 166(2019) 261-270.
K. Diao and Y. Zhao, ‘Heat transfer performance of sintered Cu microchannels produced by a novel method’, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 139(2019) 537–547.
X. Lu and Y. Zhao, ‘Effect of flow regime on convective heat transfer in porous copper manufactured by lost carbonate sintering’, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 80(2019) 108482.
Y. Zhang and Y. Zhao, ‘Hysteretic energy dissipation in aluminium matrix syntactic foam under intermittent cyclic compression’, Materialia, 6(2019) 100286
P. Zhu and Y. Zhao, ‘Cyclic voltammetry measurements of electroactive surface area of porous nickel: Peak current and peak charge methods and diffusion layer effect’, Materials Chemistry and Physics 233(2019) 60–67.
H. Li, B. Yuan, Y. Gao and Y. Zhao, ‘Effect of oligocrystallinity on damping and pseudoelasticity of oligocrystalline Cu-Al-Mn shape memory foams’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 773(2019) 940-949.
X. Lu, Y. Zhao and David J.C. Dennis, ‘Flow measurements in microporous media using micro-particle image velocimetry’, Physical Review Fluids, 3(2018), 104202.
P. Zhu and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Effects of electrochemical reaction and surface morphology on electroactive surface area of porous copper manufactured by Lost Carbonate Sintering’, RSC Advances, 7(2017), 26392–26400.
L. P. Zhang and Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Particle size distribution of tin powder produced by centrifugal atomisation using rotating cups’, Powder Technology, 318(2017), 62–67.
E. Avalos and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Numerical simulation of heat transfer in porous metals for cooling applications’, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 48(2017), 1925-1932.
P. Zhu and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Mass transfer coefficient of porous nickel manufactured by Lost Carbonate Sintering process’, Advanced Engineering Materials, 19(2017), 1700392.
K. Diao, L. Zhang and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Measurement of tortuosity of porous Cu using a diffusion diaphragm cell’, Measurement, Measurement, 110(2017) 335–338.
For further information please contact:
School of Engineering
The University of Liverpool
Liverpool L69 3BX
+44 (0)151 794 4697
+44 (0)151 794 4675
File last modified: 27 September 2019