Dr. Yuyuan Zhao
Reader in Materials Engineering

Head of Centre for Materials and Structures

School of Engineering
The University of Liverpool
Brownlow Hill
Liverpool L69 3GH
U. K.


+44 (0)151 794 4697


+44 (0)151 794 4675



Professional Development


Dalian University of Technology, China


Dalian University of Technology, China


Oxford University, UK

Chartered Engineer (CEng)

Engineering Council, UK

Fellow (FIMMM)

Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (IoM3), UK

President (2005-2007)

Liverpool & North Wales Materials Society, IoM3, UK


Particulate Engineering Committee, IoM3, UK


Composite Materials Committee, AMS/TMS, USA


Editorial Panel of Powder Metallurgy

Member (2010)

Advisory Committee of JOM


Editorial Panel of Journal of Powder Metallurgy & Mining


Editorial Panel of ISRN Materials Science

Honorary Professor

Anhui University of Technology, China

Guest Professor

South China University of Technology, China


Sir Alastair Pilkington Award for Teaching Excellence, University of Liverpool, 2005

Research Interests

Manufacture and Characterisation of Porous Materials. (Group website here) Our current focus is:

Ø  to develop the patented Lost Carbonate Sintering (LCS) process for manufacturing porous metals,

Ø  to study the mechanical, thermal, electrochemical and acoustic properties of porous metals and metal matrix syntactic foams, and

Ø  to explore their feasibility for applications in energy, automotive, defence, aerospace and building industries.

The LCS technology has been licensed to Versarien plc, a high-tech start-up company founded in 2010 to commercialise the LCS process for micro-porous copper in thermal management applications. Versarien was floated on the London Stock Exchange in June 2013, with a market capitalisation of more than £15 million. Versarien has acquired Total Carbide to expand the production.

Current Research Projects

Development of LCS porous metals with novel structures for optimum heat exchange performance

Jan Baloyo, Will Battrick and Yuyuan Zhao

Electrochemical properties of porous metals manufactured by Lost Carbonate Sintering

Kaikan Diao and Yuyuan Zhao

Numerical simulation of active cooling using porous metals

Edgar Avalos Gauna, David Dennis and Yuyuan Zhao

Energy absorption and impact response of aluminium matrix syntactic foams

Mohamed Al Tenaiji, Zhongwei Guan, Wesley Cantwell and Yuyuan Zhao

Multifunctional applications of porous metals: heat dissipation, heat recovery, sound absorption and electromagnetic shielding

Liping Zhang and Yuyuan Zhao


Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials and method of production thereof’, 2005, EP1755809. 

Selected Recent Publications   (Full publication list here)

Z. Xiao and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Heat transfer coefficient of porous copper with homogeneous and hybrid structures in active cooling’, Journal of Materials Research, 28(2013), 2545-2553.

Z. Xiao, Z. Li, A. Zhu, Y. Zhao and Y. Zhu, ‘Surface characterization and corrosion behavior of a novel imitation-gold copper alloy with high tarnish resistance property in salt spray environment’, Corrosion Science, 76(2013), 42-51.

Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials produced by P/M methods’, editorial, Journal of Powder Metallurgy & Mining, 2(2013), e113.

B. Zhang, T. Chen, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang and J. Zhu, ‘Numerical and analytical solutions for sound propagation and absorption in porous media at high sound pressure levels’, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 132(2012), 1436–1449.

X.F. Tao and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Compressive failure of Al matrix syntactic foams manufactured by melt infiltration’, Materials Science and Engineering A, 549(2012), 228-232.

S. Gong, Z. Li and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘An extended Mori–Tanaka model for the elastic moduli of porous materials of finite size’, Acta Materialia, 59(2011), 6820-6830.

X. Xue and Y. Zhao, ‘Ti matrix syntactic foam fabricated by powder metallurgy: particle breakage and elastic modulus’, JoM, 63(2011), 43-47.

S. Gong, Z. Li, G.Y. Xu, N. Liu, Y.Y. Zhao and S.Q. Liang, ‘Fabrication, microstructure and property of cellular CuAlMn shape memory alloys produced by sintering–evaporation process’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509(2011), 2924-2928.

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Last updated on 2 January 2013