Professor Yuyuan Zhao

School of Engineering
The University of Liverpool
Brownlow Hill
Liverpool L69 3GH
U. K.


+44 (0)151 794 4697


+44 (0)151 794 4675



Professional Development


Dalian University of Technology, China

Receiving Ivor Jenkins Medal from President of IoMMM

14 July 2015


Dalian University of Technology, China


Oxford University, UK

Chartered Engineer (CEng)

Engineering Council, UK

Fellow (FIMMM)

Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (IoM3), UK


Editorial Panel of Powder Metallurgy


Editorial Panel of Applied Sciences

Honorary Professor

Anhui University of Technology, China

Guest Professor

South China University of Technology, China

Plenary Lecture

70th Annual Technical Meeting of Indian Institute of Metals, 2016

Head of Department

(2014 – 2016)

Centre for Materials and Structures

School of Engineering, University of Liverpool


Sir Alastair Pilkington Award for Teaching Excellence,

University of Liverpool, 2005


Ivor Jenkins Medal, IoM3, UK, 2015

for an outstanding contribution to powder metallurgy in developing and commercialising innovative powder based technologies for manufacturing metal foams

Research Interests

Manufacture and Characterisation of Porous Materials. (Group website here) Our current focus is:

Ø  to develop the patented Lost Carbonate Sintering (LCS) process for manufacturing porous metals,

Ø  to study the mechanical, thermal, electrochemical and acoustic properties of porous metals and metal matrix syntactic foams, and

Ø  to explore their feasibility for applications in energy, automotive, defence, aerospace and building industries.

The LCS technology has been licensed to Versarien plc, a high-tech start-up company founded in 2010 and floated on the London Stock Exchange in June 2013, to commercialise the LCS process for micro-porous copper in thermal management applications. LCS porous copper products can be purchased from Goodfellow.

Current Research Projects

Electrochemical properties of LCS porous metals

Pengcheng Zhu and Yuyuan Zhao

Wick structure manufactured by selective laser melting

Zhining Wu, Chris Sutcliffe and Yuyuan Zhao

Mechanical properties of metal matrix syntactic foam

Yue Zhang, Rob Birch and Yuyuan Zhao

Fluid flow in porous metals

Xianke Lu, David Dennis and Yuyuan Zhao

Dynamic behaviour of metal matrix syntactic foams

Chen Liang and Yuyuan Zhao

Creating real value from aluminium smelter waste

Bhavik Mehta and Yuyuan Zhao

Porous metals for electrode applications

Zejun Wang and Yuyuan Zhao

Non-Newtonian flow in porous media

Victor Ibezim, David Dennis, Rob Poole and Yuyuan Zhao

Multifunctional applications of porous metals

Liping Zhang and Yuyuan Zhao


Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials and method of production thereof’, EP1755809 B1, filed: 2005, granted: 2008.

Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials and method of production thereof’, US8968641 B2, filed: 2005, granted: 2015.

Selected Recent Publications   (Full publication list here)

P. Zhu, Z. Wu and Y. Zhao, ‘Hierarchical porous Cu with high surface area and fluid permeability’, Scripta Materialia, 172(2019) 119–124.

J. Yi, Y. Jia, Y. Zhao, Z. Xiao, K. He, Q. Wang, M. Wang and Z. Li, ‘Precipitation behavior of Cu-3.0Ni-0.72Si alloy’, Acta Materialia, 166(2019) 261-270.

K. Diao and Y. Zhao, ‘Heat transfer performance of sintered Cu microchannels produced by a novel method’, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 139(2019) 537–547.

X. Lu and Y. Zhao, ‘Effect of flow regime on convective heat transfer in porous copper manufactured by lost carbonate sintering’, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 80(2019) 108482.

Y. Zhang and Y. Zhao, ‘Hysteretic energy dissipation in aluminium matrix syntactic foam under intermittent cyclic compression’, Materialia, 6(2019) 100286

P. Zhu and Y. Zhao, ‘Cyclic voltammetry measurements of electroactive surface area of porous nickel: Peak current and peak charge methods and diffusion layer effect’, Materials Chemistry and Physics 233(2019) 60–67.

H. Li, B. Yuan, Y. Gao and Y. Zhao, ‘Effect of oligocrystallinity on damping and pseudoelasticity of oligocrystalline Cu-Al-Mn shape memory foams’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 773(2019) 940-949.

X. Lu, Y. Zhao and David J.C. Dennis, ‘Flow measurements in microporous media using micro-particle image velocimetry’, Physical Review Fluids, 3(2018), 104202.

P. Zhu and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Effects of electrochemical reaction and surface morphology on electroactive surface area of porous copper manufactured by Lost Carbonate Sintering’, RSC Advances, 7(2017), 26392–26400.

L. P. Zhang and Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Particle size distribution of tin powder produced by centrifugal atomisation using rotating cups’, Powder Technology, 318(2017), 62–67.

E. Avalos and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Numerical simulation of heat transfer in porous metals for cooling applications’, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 48(2017), 1925-1932.

P. Zhu and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Mass transfer coefficient of porous nickel manufactured by Lost Carbonate Sintering process’, Advanced Engineering Materials, 19(2017), 1700392.

K. Diao, L. Zhang and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Measurement of tortuosity of porous Cu using a diffusion diaphragm cell’, Measurement, Measurement, 110(2017) 335–338.

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Last updated on 27 September 2019