Professor Yuyuan Zhao

School of Engineering
The University of Liverpool
Brownlow Hill
Liverpool L69 3GH
U. K.


+44 (0)151 794 4697


+44 (0)151 794 4675



Professional Development


Dalian University of Technology, China

Receiving Ivor Jenkins Medal from President of IoMMM

14 July 2015


Dalian University of Technology, China


Oxford University, UK

Chartered Engineer (CEng)

Engineering Council, UK

Fellow (FIMMM)

Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (IoM3), UK

President (2005-2007)

Liverpool & North Wales Materials Society, IoM3, UK


Particulate Engineering Committee, IoM3, UK


Composite Materials Committee, AMS/TMS, USA


Editorial Panel of Powder Metallurgy

Member (2010)

Advisory Committee of JOM


Editorial Panel of Journal of Powder Metallurgy & Mining


Editorial Panel of ISRN Materials Science

Honorary Professor

Anhui University of Technology, China

Guest Professor

South China University of Technology, China


Sir Alastair Pilkington Award for Teaching Excellence,

University of Liverpool, 2005


Ivor Jenkins Medal, IoM3, UK, 2015

for an outstanding contribution to powder metallurgy in developing and commercialising innovative powder based technologies for manufacturing metal foams

Research Interests

Manufacture and Characterisation of Porous Materials. (Group website here) Our current focus is:

Ø  to develop the patented Lost Carbonate Sintering (LCS) process for manufacturing porous metals,

Ø  to study the mechanical, thermal, electrochemical and acoustic properties of porous metals and metal matrix syntactic foams, and

Ø  to explore their feasibility for applications in energy, automotive, defence, aerospace and building industries.

The LCS technology has been licensed to Versarien plc, a high-tech start-up company founded in 2010 and floated on the London Stock Exchange in June 2013, to commercialise the LCS process for micro-porous copper in thermal management applications. LCS porous copper products can be purchased from Goodfellow.

Current Research Projects

Development of LCS porous metals with novel structures for optimum heat exchange performance

Jan Baloyo, Will Battrick and Yuyuan Zhao

Electrochemical properties of porous metals manufactured by Lost Carbonate Sintering

Kaikan Diao and Yuyuan Zhao

Numerical simulation of active cooling using porous metals

Edgar Avalos Gauna, David Dennis and Yuyuan Zhao

Electrochemical properties of LCS porous metals

Pengcheng Zhu and Yuyuan Zhao

Heat transfer performance of LCS porous metals

Zhining Wu and Yuyuan Zhao

Mechanical properties of metal matrix syntactic foam

Yue Zhang, Rob Birch and Yuyuan Zhao

Porous metals for thermal management applications

Xianke Lu and Yuyuan Zhao

Multifunctional applications of porous metals

Liping Zhang and Yuyuan Zhao

Enhancing heat transfer in porous metals through optimisation of flow resistance

Rob Poole, David Dennis and Yuyuan Zhao


Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials and method of production thereof’, EP1755809 B1, filed: 2005, granted: 2008.

Y. Y. Zhao, ‘Porous metallic materials and method of production thereof’, US8968641 B2, filed: 2005, granted: 2015.

Selected Recent Publications   (Full publication list here)

L. Shen, Z. Li, Y.Y. Zhao, Y. Wang, Q. Dong and M. Wang, ‘Phase transformation behavior of Cu-10Ni-3Al-0.8Si alloy’, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 173(2016), 421-428.

K.K. Diao, Z. Xiao and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Specific surface areas of porous Cu manufactured by lost carbonate sintering: measurements by quantitative stereology and cyclic voltammetry’, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 162(2015), 571-579.

M. Tiryakioğlu, J.S. Robinson, M.A. Salazar-Guapuriche, Y.Y. Zhao and P.D. Eason, ‘Hardness-strength relationships in the aluminum alloy 7010’, Materials Science and Engineering A, 631(2015), 196–200.

X. Xue and Y. Zhao, ‘Chapter 7: Titanium matrix syntactic foams’, in: Metal Matrix Syntactic Foams – processing, microstructure, properties and applications, ed. by N. Gupta and P. K. Rohatgi, DEStech Publications, Inc., Lancaster, PA 17602 USA, 2015, pp. 159-199.

M. Altenaiji, Z. Guan, W. Cantwell, Y. Zhao and G. Schleyer, ‘Characterisation of aluminium matrix syntactic foams under drop weight impact’, Materials and Design, 59(2014), 296–302.

Z. Xiao and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Heat transfer coefficient of porous copper with homogeneous and hybrid structures in active cooling’, Journal of Materials Research, 28(2013), 2545-2553.

Z. Xiao, Z. Li, A. Zhu, Y. Zhao and Y. Zhu, ‘Surface characterization and corrosion behavior of a novel imitation-gold copper alloy with high tarnish resistance property in salt spray environment’, Corrosion Science, 76(2013), 42-51.

B. Zhang, T. Chen, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang and J. Zhu, ‘Numerical and analytical solutions for sound propagation and absorption in porous media at high sound pressure levels’, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 132(2012), 1436–1449.

X.F. Tao and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘Compressive failure of Al matrix syntactic foams manufactured by melt infiltration’, Materials Science and Engineering A, 549(2012), 228-232.

S. Gong, Z. Li and Y.Y. Zhao, ‘An extended Mori–Tanaka model for the elastic moduli of porous materials of finite size’, Acta Materialia, 59(2011), 6820-6830.

S. Gong, Z. Li, G.Y. Xu, N. Liu, Y.Y. Zhao and S.Q. Liang, ‘Fabrication, microstructure and property of cellular CuAlMn shape memory alloys produced by sintering–evaporation process’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509(2011), 2924-2928.

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Last updated on 8 March 2016