The plot above shows in red the ESMs in a group of 70 Chinese participants.


Welcome to the web pages of the St Paul's Oculomotor Group. Based in the oculomotor labs of Dr Paul C. Knox in the Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease’s Department of Eye and Vision Science, we have a number of research projects in which we are investigating the control of eye movement and visually guided behaviour in health, ageing and disease, the effect of visual illusions, and the wider impact of visual disability. Details of ongoing projects and publications can be found on the appropriate pages.



Summer conferences:


ECEM, Vienna 16th –21st August, 2015

Exploring attentional mechanisms in express saccade makers

Wolohan F, Knox PC


ECVP, Liverpool 23rd-27th August, 2015

Oculomotor inhibition and the preference rating of abstract visual patterns

Knox PC, Rampone G, Bertamimi M (Abstract; Poster)

Monday, Session 8, 3pm


Impulsivity and the generation of express saccades

Wolohan F, Knox PC (Abstract)

Tuesday, Session 12, 11am


How common are “express saccade makers”? Moving beyond Europe and simple East/West comparisons. (Abstract; Poster)

Tuesday, Session 14, 3pm



Latest qualitative paper:

Thetford, Bennett, Hodge, Knox & Robinson (2015) Resilience and vision impairment in older people.

Journal of Aging Studies 35:37–48.

Pdf available until September 25th!


Latest on the Express Saccade Maker phenomenon:

Knox PC, Wolohan FDA (2015) Temporal stability and training effects on saccade latency in express saccade makers.

PLoS ONE 10(3): e0120437



St Paul’s Oculomotor Goup


Dr Paul C. Knox

Eye and Vision Science

University of Liverpool